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LFGB與食品接觸測試



LFGB檢測主要是針對和食品接觸的材質測試,測試的價格是按照產品接觸食品的范圍,和材質來區分的,詳細情況請聯系我們。
 
2005年9月,德國新食品和飲食用品法LFGB取代了原有的食品和日用品法LMBG,又稱《食品、煙草制品、化妝品和其它日用品管理法》,該法令是德國食品衛生管理方面最重要的基本法律文件,是其它專項食品衛生法律、法規制定的準則與核心。該法規對德國食品的方方面面做了總的規定,所以在德國市場上的食品以及所有與食品有關的日用品都必須符合該法令。
其中與食品接觸的材料或用具必須通過測試,符合該法令第三十條和第三十一條,可以得到授權機構出具的LFGB檢測報告證明為“不含有化學有毒物質的產品”,并能在德國市場銷售。
 
LFGB認證涵蓋的產品范圍
LFGB測試針對所有的材料,包括最新工藝生產出的產品,如:燒烤架的鉻鍍層,平底鍋的特弗龍涂層等。通常涉及的領域包括:陶瓷,合成塑膠,PVC,增塑劑,紙制品,皮革,紡織品,化妝品,煙草等等。涉及的產品包括:烤面包爐,電水壺等與食品接觸的電器產品;食品貯存用品,玻璃菜板,不銹鋼餐具,各種廚具,碗,勺,刀,叉等。
 
LFGB測試項目一覽表

No.

Material 材質

TestItem測試項目

1

Plastic(gerenal)(old rule)
塑料(通用)(EU) No 10/2011(舊方法)

Sensory test整體感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water全面遷移之去離子水浸取法

Overall migration in 3% acetic acid全面遷移之3%醋酸浸取法  

Overall migration in 50%ethanol全面遷移之50%酒精浸取法            

Overall migration in rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil全面遷移之橄欖油或橄欖油替代物(95%乙醇和異辛烷)浸取法* 
*一般PVC、密胺、涂層(或單面接觸食物的塑料)、橡膠、PA、PC材料需使用橄欖油替代物(95%乙醇和異辛烷)浸取法     

Full test of overall migration test全面遷移全套測試(默認模擬液為醇,酸,橄欖油或其替代物)

Soluble Al(extension from extractable metal) in 3% acetic acid or water according to the actual usage
Only for organic coating on aluminium base (只針對基材為鋁的有機涂層)
溶出鋁(根據實際用途,浸泡液可為3%醋酸或水)測試

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

2

Plastic(gerenal) (New rule)
塑料(通用)(EU) No 10/2011(新方法)

Sensory test整體感官測試

Overall migration in 10% ethanol全面遷移之10%酒精浸取法(pH>4.5水性食物)

Overall migration in 3 % acetic acid全面遷移之3%醋酸浸取法(pH≤4.5酸性食物)

Overall migration in 20% ethanol全面遷移之20%酒精浸取法(含酒精濃度≤20%的食物)

Overall migration in 50 % ethanol全面遷移之50%酒精浸取法(含酒精濃度>20%的食物或水包油食物)

Overall migration in rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil 
(Melamine, PVC,PC, nylon默認替代)全面遷移之橄欖油或橄欖油替代物(95%乙醇和異辛烷)浸取法(脂肪性食物)

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

3

test for plastic lid and O-ring
杯蓋內塑料墊片或墊圈
(高度推薦)

Sensory test感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%          

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(異辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Total phthalate總鄰苯(可選)

Specific migration of phthalate (water)鄰苯特殊遷移之水浸取法(可選)  

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)鄰苯特殊遷移之3%醋酸浸取法  

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)鄰苯特殊遷移之10%酒精浸取法

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)鄰苯特殊遷移之橄欖油替代物(95%乙醇和異辛烷)浸取         

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

4

PVC
聚氯乙烯

Sensory test感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%          

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(異辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

VCM氯乙烯單體

Peroxide Value過氧化值

Total phthalate(optional)總鄰苯(推薦)

Specific migration of phthalate (water)鄰苯特殊遷移之水浸取法

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)鄰苯特殊遷移之3%醋酸浸取法  

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)鄰苯特殊遷移之10%酒精浸取法

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)鄰苯特殊遷移之橄欖油替代物(95%乙醇和異辛烷)浸取法        

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

5

 Melamine 
三聚氰胺樹脂(美耐皿,密胺)制品

Sensory test感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%          

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(異辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Specific migration of formaldehyde甲醛溶出量測試                  

Special Migration of Melamine in water  密胺特殊遷移之水浸取法

Special Migration of Melamine in 3% acetic acid  密胺特殊遷移之3%醋酸浸取法 (默認)

Special Migration of Melamine in 10%/50%ethanol  密胺特殊遷移之10%/50%(默認)酒精浸取法

Special Migration of Melamine in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)   密胺特殊遷移之橄欖油替代物(異辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

6

PE, PP
聚乙烯,聚丙烯

Sensory test感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in the rectified olive oil  全面遷移之橄欖油浸取法

Peroxide value過氧化值測試(只針對PE)                        

Total Chromium, Vanadium and Zirconium 鉻、釩以及鋯含量測試                              

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

7

PS,ABS, SAN,Acrylic,Methary
聚苯乙烯樹酯,丙烯腈-丁二烯-苯乙烯共聚物,苯乙烯-丙烯腈共聚物,丙烯酸樹脂

Sensory test感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in the rectified olive oil  全面遷移之橄欖油浸取法

Peroxide value過氧化值測試                             

Volatile organic matter (VOM)有機揮發物總量

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

8

PA
聚酰胺(尼龍)制品要求

Sensory test整體感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(異辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Peroxide value過氧化值測試                              

Specific migration of aromatic amine芳香胺遷移測試

Specific migration of Caprolactam in water, 3% acetic acid, 10% ethanol or olive oil 
己內酰胺特殊遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸、10%乙醇或橄欖油/替代物浸取法
*推薦此項目時,應根據客戶要求選擇模擬液;若客戶未特別要求,可推薦全部4種模擬液,亦可僅推薦3%醋酸。

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

9

PC
聚碳酸酯塑料制品要求

Sensory test感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(異辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Special migration of Bisphenol A in Distilled water水中雙酚A特殊遷移

Special migration of Bisphenol A in 3% acetic acid3%醋酸中雙酚A特殊遷移(默認)

Special migration of Bisphenol A in 10%/50%ethanol  10%/50%(默認)酒精特殊遷移

Special migration of Bisphenol A in Olive oil橄欖油中雙酚A特殊遷移

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

10

Poly(threphthalic acid diol esters), PET
PET塑料制品要求

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品  

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in rectified olive oil  全面遷移之橄欖油浸取法

Peroxide value過氧化值測試                              

Total zinc and lead content鋅、鉛含量測試                             

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

11

Acetal resins(POM)
POM塑料制品要求

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品  

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in rectified olive oil  全面遷移之橄欖油浸取法

Total Zinc總鋅含量測試                              

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)(默認用酸)

12

Silicone rubber
硅橡膠制品要求  

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品  

extractable components in ethanol (Ethanol as compulsory simulant) (must perform)10%酒精萃取法  (必做)

Extractable component in deionized water去離子水萃取法         

Extractable component in 3% acetic acid 3%醋酸萃取法 

Peroxide value過氧化值測試                              

Volatile organic matter (VOM)有機揮發物總量             

Organotin content有機錫化合物測試

13

Rubber, TPR, TPE 
橡膠或彈性體制品要求 

Sensory test整體感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(95%乙醇和異辛烷)浸取法

Nitrosamine and nitrosatable substances亞硝胺和亞硝基物質含量

Organotin content有機錫化合物測試

Specific migration of aromatic amine芳香胺遷移測試          

Extractable formaldehyde甲醛溶出量測試                   

Total zinc and lead content鋅、鉛含量測試                            

14

Paper(not applicable for paper and board used in microwave oven)
紙制品要求
(不適用于微波爐使用的紙張)

Pentachlorophenol (PCP)五氯苯酚測試                     

感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品        

extractable heavy metal (not applicable for product in contact with dry food)  
 重金屬(鉛,鎘,汞,六價鉻)釋出量*(*-不適用于紙張與干性食品接觸情況)

Formaldehyde甲醛含量測試

Specific migration of DiBP in distilled water, 3% acetic acid and 10% ethanol (optional) DiBP在蒸餾水、3%醋酸以及10%乙醇中特殊遷移(推薦)

Specific migration of DiBP e in 95% ethanol DiBP在95%乙醇中特殊遷移

Specific migration of DiBP n iso-octane DiBP在異辛烷中特殊遷移

Azo dyestuff(paper with colour )帶顏色的紙制品 - 偶氮染料測試

Preserving effect防腐效果                       

Extractable Glyoxal乙二醛釋出量測試                              

15

Baking paper
烘焙紙

感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品        

Extractable Formaldehyde in water水中甲醛溶出量測試

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)多氯聯苯測試  (PCB18,PCB28,PCB52,PCB101,PCB153,PCB138,PCB180)

Appearance外觀                                  

Thermal stability熱穩定性                              

Preserving effect抗菌成分遷移測試                     

16

PU and TPU
聚氨酯,聚亞胺酯制品要求

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(異辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Peroxide value過氧化值測試                              

Specific migration of aromatic amine芳香胺遷移測試

Total phthalate總鄰苯(推薦)

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)鄰苯特殊遷移之3%醋酸浸取法  

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)鄰苯特殊遷移之10%酒精浸取法

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)鄰苯特殊遷移之橄欖油替代浸取法         

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)

17

Polymer coating for cooking purpose
有機涂層(烹飪用),例如特富龍

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(95%乙醇和異辛烷)浸取法*    

Extractable phenol苯酚萃取量測試                        

Extractable formaldehyde甲醛溶出量測試                  

Extractable aromatic amine芳香胺溶出量測試               

Extractable chromium (VI)六價鉻溶出量測試               

Extractable chromium (III)三價鉻溶出量測試                

Extractable lithium鋰溶出量測試

PFOS全氟辛烷磺酸測試(推薦)

Extractable PFOA  in 3 % acetic acid   PFOA在3%醋酸中萃取(默認)

Extractable PFOA  in Olive oil   PFOA在橄欖油中萃取

Soluble Al(extension from extractable metal) in 3% acetic acid or water according to the actual usage
Only for organic coating on aluminium base (只針對基材為鋁的有機涂層)
溶出鋁(根據實際用途,浸泡液可為3%醋酸或水)測試

18

Wood
木材   

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品

Pentachlorophenol (PCP)五氯苯酚                         

Aromatic amine (optional test)芳香胺

Extractable Formaldehyde甲醛釋出量

19

Glass 
玻璃制品要求
DIN51032

Leachable Lead and Cadmium(DIN51032)與食品接觸部分鉛鎘溶出量測試  

Leachable Lead and Cadmium(lip and rim region )杯邊附加鉛鎘溶出量測試(針對杯邊2cm內有花紋的樣品) * 

20

Ceramic陶瓷84/500/EEC
Enameled ware搪瓷DIN51032

Extractable heavy metal: Pb, Cd, Co鉛、鎘、鈷溶出量測試(默認測3項)   
(注:鈷為高度推薦項,若客戶堅持不測鈷,也不影響報告下結論)

Leachable Lead, Cadmium and Cobalt(lip and rim region )杯邊附加鉛、鎘、鈷溶出量測試(針對杯邊2cm內有花紋的樣品) *  (默認測3項)
(注:鈷為高度推薦項,若客戶堅持不測鈷,也不影響報告下結論)

21

Metal, Metal alloy and electroplated(exclude aluminum) 
金屬、合金、鍍層(除了鋁)

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品

Extractable heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Sb, Co, Al)in distilled water or in 3 % acetic acid 重金屬(鉛,鎘,鉻,鎳,銅,鈷,銻,鋁)在蒸餾水或3%醋酸中的溶出測試
*模擬液應根據客戶要求選擇。若未特別要求,則與酸性食物接觸時,用3%醋酸;反之建議用水。

22

Al and Al alloy 
純鋁和鋁合金

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品 

Extractable heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Sb, Co, Al)in distilled water or in 3 % acetic acid 重金屬(鉛,鎘,鉻,鎳,銅,鈷,銻,鋁)在蒸餾水或3%醋酸中的溶出測試
*模擬液應根據客戶要求選擇。若未特別要求,則與酸性食物接觸時,用3%醋酸;反之建議用水。

composition test (opitional) 成分分析(進單需確認是純鋁還是鋁合金,測試成分不同。鋁含量≥99%為純鋁)

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Textile material 
紡織品

Sensory test感官測試-味道和氣味對于與食品接觸的整體產品 

Colour fastness (for textile with color (i.e. not white))色牢度

Formaldehyde 甲醛

PCP, TeCP and TriCP

Chlorinated carriers

Disperse dye (for textile with color (i.e. not white))分散染料

Azo dyestuff (for textile with color (i.e. not white))偶氮染料

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Activated carbon and Charcoal
 活性炭、木炭
(不建議接此類樣品,易吸附)

sensory test感官測試

PAH多環芳香烴

Carbon black碳黑

Metals and metalloids (AP (89) 1)金屬和非金屬

Extractable PCBs content
PCB萃取量(PCB18, PCB28, PCB 52, PCB101, PCB 153, PCB 138, PCB180)

Specific aromatic amines芳香胺特殊遷移

Specific aromatic amine (Benzidine, 2-naphthylamine, 
4-aminodiphenyl) and sulphonated aromatic amines芳香胺和磺酸芳香胺

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Vinylidene Chloride Copolymers with a Predominant Content of(PVDC)
偏聚氯乙烯

Sensory test整體感官測試

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面遷移之去離子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客戶特別要求時,乙醇濃度可為10%或20%           

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil全面遷移之橄欖油替代物(95%乙醇和異辛烷)浸取法*   

Peroxide value過氧化值測試                              

Volatile organic matter (VOM)有機揮發物總量

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金屬(鋇、鈷、銅、鐵、鋰、錳、鋅)

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product in contact with mouth lip or mouth cavity directly eg. Toothbrush, drinking straw
會跟嘴直接接觸的產品,例如牙刷,吸管

Colour fastness to saliva唾液色牢度

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product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Handle of food roller 
產品會接觸皮膚的把手(使用超過一小時)

Colour fastness to perspiration汗液色牢度

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metallic product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Handle of food roller
會接觸皮膚的金屬產品把手(超過一小時)

Extractable nickel鎳萃取

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Dyed product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Table napkins染色產品會接觸皮膚的延伸部分(使用超過一小時)例如:餐巾

Azo dyestuff偶氮染料

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vacuum thermal bulb used in water canister or water jar真空保溫瓶

Asbestos石棉

31

德國GS認證要求(PAH)

specific migration of PAHs (water, 3% acetic acid, 10% ethanol, or olive oil)

 
 
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